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This information could be used for future study about what happens to brain development when play is restricted. Australian Reading Hour: top authors read to you. Australian-first dolphin happiness study. The future is bright for optimists. Growing up in a golden time. Create a game Create a game that you could play with a rat. Write the aim of the game and the rules. Do you agree with this statement? Write a piece of persuasive writing giving your opinion on this. Use examples to make your arguments convincing! Left hemisphere advantage in the mouse brain for recognizing ultrasonic communication calls.

Nature, , A humanized version of Foxp2 affects cortico-basal ganglia circuits in mice. Cell, , Are rats predisposed to learn 22 kHz calls as danger-predicting signals?

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EY, E. FISH, E. Ultrasonic vocalization impairment of Foxp2 RH knockin mice related to speech-language disorder and abnormality of Purkinje cells. Single-unit firing in rat perirhinal cortex caused by fear conditioning to arbitrary and ecological stimuli. Journal of Neuroscience, 27, GAUB, S.

The structure of innate vocalizations in Foxp2-deficient mouse pups. Genes Brain and Behavior.

Scientists play hide and seek with rats and find they love it so much they giggle!

Impaired synaptic plasticity and motor learning in mice with a point mutation implicated in human speech deficits. Current Biology, 18, Female mice respond to male ultrasonic 'songs' with approach behaviour. Biology Letters, 5, Mice do not require auditory input for the normal development of their ultrasonic vocalizations. BMC Neuroscience, 13, Rats selectively bred for low levels of 50 kHz ultrasonic vocalizations exhibit alterations in early social motivation.

Developmental Psychobiology, 50, Are kHz calls used as play signals in the playful interactions of rats?

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Evidence from the timing and context of their use. Behavioural Processes, , Multiple regulators of ultrasonic vocalization in the infant rat. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 21, Ultrasonic vocalization during social interaction and isolation in 2-weeek-old rats. Developmental Psychobiology, 11, HOLY, T. Ultrasonic songs of male mice. PLoS Biol, 3, e Rat pup ultrasonic isolation calls: possible mediation by the benzodiazepine receptor complex.

Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 24, Reduced social interaction and ultrasonic communication in a mouse model of monogenic heritable autism. Altered ultrasonic vocalization and impaired learning and memory in Angelman syndrome mouse model with a large maternal deletion from Ube3a to Gabrb3. PLoS One, 5, e Acoustic signaling in the black rat Rattus rattus.

Effects of the CRF 1 receptor antagonist, CP ,, in the separation-induced vocalization anxiolytic test in rat pups. Neuropharmacology, 39, Maternal care differs in mice bred for high vs. Social Neuroscience, 6, KIM, E.

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Evidence from the effects of devocalization. Anticipation of play elicits high-frequency ultrasonic vocalizations in young rats. High-frequency ultrasonic vocalizations index conditioned pharmacological reward in rats. Physiology and Behavior, 66, Identification of glyoxalase-I as a protein marker in a mouse model of extremes in trait anxiety.

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The Journal of Neuroscience, 25, KURZ, A. Alpha-synuclein deficiency affects brain Foxp1 expression and ultrasonic vocalization.

Even Rat Pups Laugh Once In A While Part 3

Neuroscience, , Paradoxical effects of prenatal acetylcholinesterase blockade on neuro-behavioral development and drug-induced stereotypies in reeler mutant mice. Endogenous vasopressin, innate anxiety, and the emission of pro-social kHz ultrasonic vocalizations during social play behavior in juvenile rats. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 56, Tickling-induced kHz ultrasonic vocalization is individually stable and predicts behaviour in tests of anxiety and depression in rats. Experience-based vocalization of male mice to female chemosignals. Engineered deafness reveals that mouse courtship vocalizations do not require auditory experience.

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The Journal of Neuroscience, 33, Assessment of ultrasonic vocalizations during drug self-administration in rats. Journal of Visualized Experiments, 41, The female urine sniffing test: a novel approach for assessing reward-seeking behavior in rodents. Biological Psychiatry, 67, Characterization of kHz ultrasonic vocalizations in male and female rats. Physiology and Behavior, 80, Conditioned ultrasonic distress vocalizations in adult male rats as a behavioral paradigm for screening anti-panic drugs.

Reduced isolation-induced pup ultrasonic communication in mouse pups lacking brain serotonin. Molecular Autism. Abnormal behavior in a chromosome-engineered mouse model for human 15q duplication seen in autism. The effects of compounds acting at the benzodiazepine receptor complex on the ultrasonic calling of mouse pups. Behavioural Pharmacology, 2, Using bedding in a test environment critically affects kHz ultrasonic vocalizations in laboratory rats.

Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 96, NYBY, J. Male mouse Mus musculus ultrasonic vocalizations to female urine: why is heterosexual experience necessary? Behavioral and Neural Biology, 38, Social status and ultrasonic vocalizations of male mice. Behavioral Biology, 18, Pheromonal regulation of male mouse ultrasonic courtship Mus musculus. Animal Behaviour, 25, Rat pup ultrasonic vocalization: effects of benzodiazepine receptor ligands. Ultrasonic vocalizations in rat pups: effects of serotonergic ligands.

Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 23, Physiology and Behavior, 79, Modeling ADHD-type arousal with unilateral frontal cortex damage in rats and beneficial effects of play therapy. Brain and Cognition, 52, Affiliative behavior, ultrasonic communication and social reward are influenced by genetic variation in adolescent mice. PLoS One, 2, e Positive and negative ultrasonic social signals elicit opposing firing patterns in rat amygdala.

Rats learn to freeze to kHz ultrasonic vocalizations through autoconditioning. Female behavior is affected by male ultrasonic vocalizations in house mice. Physiology and Behavior, 31, Neuroligindeficient mice: model of a monogenic heritable form of autism with an olfactory deficit. Genes Brain and Behavior, 8, Female urine-induced male mice ultrasonic vocalizations, but not scent-marking, is modulated by social experience.

Effects of optimism on motivation in rats.

Frontiers in Behavioural Neuroscience, 9, Laughing rats are optimistic. PLoS One, 7, e Playback of kHz and kHz ultrasonic vocalizations induces differential c-fos expression in rat brain. Neuroscience Letters, , Ultrasonic communication by animals. New York: Wiley. Ultrasonic vocalizations: a tool for behavioural phenotyping of mouse models of neurodevelopmental disorders. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 33, PLoS One, 3, e Situational factors, conditions and individual variables which can determine ultrasonic vocalizations in male adult Wistar rats.

Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. Ultrasound in adult rodents. Ultrasonic communication in rodents. SHU, W.

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Altered ultrasonic vocalization in mice with a disruption in the Foxp2 gene. Behavioural phenotyping assays for mouse models of autism. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 11, The homeless?

Rats – More Than Just Laboratory Experiment

Not necessarily. So, Harris and a photographer went out the night of August 30 to see the problem for themselves. I saw more than a hundred in just less than a minute. Many have assumed the homeless population is the cause of infestation.