They had been arrested the night before, along with year-old James Cameron. The trio had been driving along the river when they came upon year-old Claude Deeter and year-old Mary Bell. Cameron says that Shipp and Smith wanted him to rob the couple and handed him a gun. When Cameron realized he knew the couple, he walked away from the scene. He then claimed he heard gunshots a short time later.
The trio was arrested that night for the murder of Deeter and the rape of Bell. The day after the murders and arrests, a group of thousands surrounded the jail.
Was Pedro Hernandez Pushed By NYPD To Falsely Confess To The Murder Of Etan Patz?
Things escalated by the time the evening rolled around, and they were ready to lynch the three men. Using sledgehammers, groups of people broke into the prison and dragged out Smith and Shipp first. They were beaten and strung up—when Smith tried to climb up the rope, members of the lynch mob broke his arms. Amazingly, as Cameron was about to be strung up as well, someone in the crowd yelled that he was innocent.
Miraculously, the crowd let him go. This made Cameron the only known person to survive a lynching. After taking the picture of the lynching, Beitler printed postcard versions of the photo for days and nights afterward. Within days, he had sold thousands. There were two versions of the picture that were printed. While it was used as a source of pride for people in the South, it shocked people outside the culture. It was the first time many people actually witnessed the terrible racial violence that was happening in their own country. One of the most famous pictures attached to any crime is that of six-year-old Etan Patz.
The young boy went missing on May 25, This was the first day he was allowed to walk to the bus alone to get to school. Sadly, his body has never been found. Besides being a victim of a tragic crime, Etan was also famous for being one of the first people to be featured on the side of a milk carton in a national campaign. The idea of using milk cartons for pictures of missing children came from Anderson Erickson Dairy in Iowa, after two local delivery boys went missing. The idea was picked up by a major milk carton manufacturer who pitched the idea to different dairies.
The campaign was immediately popular despite only one American child being returned alive out of the 70 featured on various cartons. Finally, in , a man named Pedro Hernandez was charged with the murder of Etan Patz. Hernandez was working in a family-owned bodega near the area where Etan went missing.
Over the years, he apparently confessed to some relatives who in turn told the police. When the police questioned Hernandez, he said that he lured the young boy by promising a can of pop if he followed him to his store.
Once in the basement, Hernandez strangled Patz to death, put his backpack behind a freezer, and placed his body in a box before throwing him out in the trash. His trial is set to start January 5, The most romanticized criminals in the history of the United States might well be the Barrow gang led by Clyde Barrow and his girlfriend Bonnie Parker. In reality, their gang often stole from small stores and gas stations—in other words, they were stealing from poor people.
On top of that, their gang murdered at least 13 people in cold blood. So how did the myth of the two romantic outlaws grow? These are iconic pictures of the couple, but how did they get into circulation? The story is that the police actually released them. They were found on an undeveloped roll of film in one of the former hideouts.
The pictures were developed and released as police typically do with photos of wanted fugitives. However, when the pictures were released, they took on a whole new life.
- Was Pedro Hernandez Pushed By NYPD To Falsely Confess To The Murder Of Etan Patz? | HuffPost.
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Bonnie and Clyde were looked at as wild young rebels in love. During a time when people were living in poverty because they followed the rules, the pictures struck a chord especially with young Americans.
In Prohibition-era Chicago, there were two main gangs battling for control of the black market. While hiding out in Florida for an alibi, Capone ordered the hit. They found five members of the North Side gang and two other men in the garage and ordered them up against the wall. The crime was shocking, and the pictures only made things worse.
They were gruesome, bleak, and looked like photos that the police would have taken for evidence rather than something that would appear on the front page of a newspaper.
The pictures were taken by Tony Berardi , a photographer from the Chicago American. Berardi climbed on the roof of a car in the garage and snapped the infamous pictures. He had followed the police there and, amazingly, the police let him take the pictures.
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Daisy Rivera, for her part, has insisted repeatedly to ProPublica that Hernandez never talked of having harmed a young child in his past. Why would you hurt a 6-year-old child? Could Hernandez have killed EtanPatz?
Could he, after hours of police interrogation, possibly have falsely confessed to such a horrific crime? Allison Redlich, a professor at the State University of New York at Albany, is one of the nation's foremost experts on false confessions. She has identified a handful of factors that are often at work in producing false confessions: a suspect with a very low IQ; a suspect with a history of mental illness; a crime that has gained prominent media attention; a long interrogation, where issues of fatigue or desperation can play a role; and a confession that, however potentially compelling, is at odds with some of the known facts of the case.
Hernandez, according to court papers filed by his lawyer, meets many of those criteria. He has an IQ of 67; his interrogation and confession unfolded over more than 24 hours, and he was given very little rest; he has been taking some form of antipsychotic medication for more than a decade. And the Patz case had been headline news and a staple of television within a month of his supposed confession. In an interview, Redlich, who is not involved in the Patz case, said that false confessions can be made with a great degree of conviction and be highly persuasive to judges, juries and prosecutors, particularly when told by a mentally ill person.
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Fishbein, in repeated court filings, has seized on what he asserts are several discrepancies between his client's confessions and what has been the understood narrative of Etan's disappearance. Police, in the weeks and years after the boy vanished, talked repeatedly to Etan's classmates and their parents. No one ever reported seeing him at the school bus stop on that morning in May As well, Hernandez says in his confession that after he strangled Patz, he tossed the boy's backpack behind a freezer in the bodega's basement. But Fishbein notes in court papers that the backpack was never found, despite the fact that "the basement of the bodega, including that area, would have been part of the NYPD's comprehensive and massive search for clues in the boy's disappearance.
ProPublica tracked down and interviewed Robert McKenna, a former police officer who was assigned to help in the search for Etan on the night of May 25, He said there were cops all over the bodega.
It was one of the only places you could get coffee. McKenna said that the area behind the freezer in the basement would have been scoured at some point in the days after Etan's disappearance. So we would have checked it looking for the body. Police Commissioner Kelly, in announcing Hernandez's arrest, said the onetime store clerk told detectives in his confession that he had been bringing store products from the bodega's basement when he lured Etan downstairs.
However, a person who has looked into the bodega's operations told ProPublica that Hernandez's narrative is improbable. The owner of the bodega, the person said, was vigilant about who got access to the basement, which had both a lock on the sidewalk trap doors and a locked gate underneath them. No one but the owner, now dead, had keys to the basement, and, because he was protective about his beer stored there, he accompanied anyone who went.
At that time of the day, the person said, it also wouldn't have made sense for Hernandez to be stocking the store's shelves; he'd instead have been buttering rolls for the morning customers.