Manual Precedence of Torah Commands

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See Rashi, Genesis Likkutei Sichot, vol. Israel mitzvot Shabbat midrash Torah spiritual and material words wisdom sanctification empowerment action deed relaity vows. Did you enjoy this? It's free! Click here to find out more. Have you forgotten how to live a meaningful life? You might be held back by limiting beliefs. Here are concrete, tried-and-true spiritual instructions for transcending a slump. Read on. At one or time or another, many of us feel stuck in our lives. Unable to move forward. The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation.

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If celestial beings among who there is neither jealousy, nor hatred, nor rivalry, nor strife, nor lawsuits, nor dissension, nor the evil eye, have need, nevertheless, of peace, as it is written, He maketh peace in His high places, [27] how much more so then do earthly beings, among whom all those dispositions exist, [have need of peace]. This story teaches that shalom bayit, peace among families, is so important that sometimes it is better to tell a small lie than to say something that will cause a big fight.

A minor changing of words is permitted, not the cover-up of wicked or evil deeds. The second principle is found delineated in our prayers as described in the siddur [28] and machzor. When the Torah wishes to speak about the Sabbath and the festivals , it begins with the Sabbath. Consider the following Torah portion. Vayikra Leviticus 1 And HaShem spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of HaShem , which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.

Giving Majesty to the Priests or the Torah

Vayikra chapter 23 then treats each of the festivals in the order in which they occur, starting with Passover. Vayikra Chapter 24 proceeds to treat the Rabbinic festivals [30] by allusion. From this we learn that the Sabbath , which comes more often than the festival , takes precedence over the festival. The second principle is :. This is not always so easy to do. We often have conflicting issues that impinge on this second principle. Consider, for example, that we sometimes have things which are invested with greater sanctity which come less often then mitzvot of lesser sanctity.

Which takes precedence? The answer is, despite our tendency to the contrary, is to give priority to that which comes more frequently. The second principle remains our guide. We will look at a few examples later on, that will help to clarify this important principle.

The second principle also has an important corollary: When you give charity, give first to those who you encounter more often. For example, we give first to our immediate family, then to our extended family, then to those in our Esnoga , then to those in the local community , then to those in the extended community throughout the world , finally we give to the nations. Let me restate and emphasize the corollary :. Give priority to the mitzvot that present themselves more often or are closer to you from a people perspective.

Many mitzvot force us to choose to do one before another. The order in which we perform these conflicting mitzvot is very important. In our prayers and offerings we have very little discretion as the Torah lays down the precedence in a fixed way. As we shall see, tzedaka, charity, allows an individual much greater freedom than an organization. Never the less, there is an order of priorities that are logical and straightforward. In order to properly perform these mitzvot we must study the Written Law and the Oral Law to perform these mitzvot in the proper sequence.

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To reinforce this principle and its corollary, lets take a look at a few examples. Consider that those days which come more often take priority over those which come less frequently. Even though the festivals are endowed with greater sanctity than the Shabbat or New Moon , never the less HaShem wants us to give priority to those days which come more often. This means that Shabbat takes precedence over Rosh Chodesh , which takes precedence over any festival. This precedence is reflected in our prayers , in the Temple offerings, and in our blessings.

It was asked: That which is more constant and that which is more sacred, [31] which takes precedence? Does that which is more constant take precedence, because it is more constant; or does that which is more sacred take precedence, because it is more sacred? Come and hear: The additional-offerings of the Sabbath precede the additional-offerings of New Moon! From this Gemara we learn that just because a day is invested with greater sanctity that does not give it priority over those days which occur more frequently.

By examining the priority given to Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh we can discern that these festivals are exceedingly important and bring us a greater reward than the other festivals. For this reason we should concentrate our studies on Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh in order to serve HaShem in the best possible way. While there is GREAT reward in performing the mitzvot , never the less, it is better to perform the mitzvot because of our love of HaShem and our desire to do His will. Serving for the reward is not the desired goal. Serving HaShem and doing His will is the desired goal.

It is worth noting, at this point, that when one examines the mitzvot in the Torah, one will never see a reward for the performance of the mitzvot. This begs a very interesting question:. Why are we not told about the reward for the mitzvot? The answer is quite profound. If we were told about the reward, then we would be obligated to perform the mitzva for the reward. This is not what HaShem desires.

Studying in Order to Perform Mitzvot - Middah Lomed al Manat La'asot |

HaShem desires that we love Him and perform the mitzvot because of our love for Him. We do not do the mitzvot for the reward! We do the Mitzvot because of our love of HaShem! Notice also that when it comes to the positive mitzvot we often do not skip conflicting mitzvot , but rather we prioritize them and perform them in a particular order.

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There are, however, times when we will skip a positive mitzva because we have passed the time for its performance. We will look at this idea in an example later on. In addition to our offerings, we will also see that we give priority to those days which occur more frequently in our prayers. Since the destruction of the Temple we have been unable to perform many of the mitzvot that could only be performed in the Temple.

There are some Temple based mitzvot that we can still perform. These mitzvot also follow the second principle, as we shall see. We have several positive mitzvot to bring offerings to the Temple. The tamid [34] offering is a lamb in the morning and a second lamb in the evening. However, without a Temple we can bring neither the tamid offering nor any of the other offerings.

How do we fulfill mitzvot that depend on the Temple for their completion? Since the destruction of the Temple our prayers have been a substitute for the offerings in the Temple. This is in line with what the Prophet spoke.

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Our prayers , as a substitute for the bulls, rams, goats and lambs, are efficacious in helping us to draw near to HaShem. Because they are a substitute for the actual sacrifices, they must be offered at the correct time. However, once time becomes involved, we have the potential for prioritizing. When we must prioritize, then we give priority to the one whose time has just arrived. Afterwards we make up the one whose time has past.

When we have the prayers of the Shabbat and the prayers of a Festival , then the prayers of Shabbat take precedence because Shabbat comes more often.